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Grading and Assignments

image of  Winslow Homer's The Country School, 1871


Your grade will be determined on the basis of several papers and two exams, which will be worth the following:

10%:      A Day in the Life Papers (3)

10%       Show and Tell Project

10%:      Abandoned & Great Arizona Orphan Abduction Paper

30%       Child Welfare Exhibit Project

20%:      Mid-term exam

20%:      Final exam


No makeup exam will be given without prior approval from me or a valid medical excuse.  In addition, all late papers will receive a twenty per cent reduction. Do not ask me for extensions, for I will grant them only if you present me with overwhelming evidence that you were physically incapable of completing the assignment on time.  If you know you are going to miss a class, please arrange to hand your papers in early.


ATTENDANCE--Attendance will not arbitrarily determine your grade; however, in a course based extensively on lectures and in-class discussions, it is vital that you attend class.  I ASSUME THAT EVERYONE WILL BE IN CLASS EVERY DAY; AN UNEXCUSED ABSENCE IS NOT A VALID REASON TO BE UNAWARE OF SLIGHT CHANGES IN THE SCHEDULE, MISSING A DEADLINE, OR FAILING TO LIVE UP TO ANY OTHER RESPONSIBILITY. 


ACADEMIC HONESTY: I apply university standards and expectations in matters pertaining to plagiarism, cheating, or other violations of academic ethics. For University policies, see "Academic Dishonesty" in the Undergraduate Bulletin at https://www.marquette.edu/rc/academichonesty.shtml


A WORD ABOUT PAPERS: All papers should be printed out in a single-spaced, double-sided format.  Separate title pages and bibliographies are unnecessary.


A DAY IN THE LIFE PAPERS:  Three times during the semester I'll ask you to submit a 500-word paper that describes the life of a “typical” child in Milwaukee in a certain year (1870, 1910, and 1950), specifically the ways in which they filled their leisure time.  You will base your paper on at least ten different sources found on the Children in Urban American website at https://www.marquette.edu/cuap/.  Unlike the longer papers, I will grade these reports on the basis of content and citation format only.  Provide citations for direct quotes and list all of the different documents you use at the end of the paper (not included in word count).


ABANDONED/GREAT ARIZONA ORPHAN ABDUCTION PAPER: You will write a 1000-word paper based on these two books.  The paper must explore the ways in which the events examined by the authors reflect on the ways in which outside forces (economics, ethnicity, religion) affect views of children and of childhood.  Direct quotes can be cited directly after the sentence containing the quote simply with the author’s last name, a short version of the title, and the page number in parentheses.


CHILD WELFARE EXHIBIT PROJECT AND PAPER: Toward the end of the semester groups of two (or in a few cases, three) students will contribute to a “Child Welfare Exhibit” based on the 1911 Chicago Child Welfare Exhibit, where child welfare reformers, civic organizations, and private groups presented information and exhibits on the problems facing children and youth early in the “Century of the Child.”  Your exhibits, and the papers based on them, will examine a specific challenge facing children and youth in the United States in 2014.

Your group will prepare two poster-sized presentations with graphics, statistics, and other necessary information; one will present the problem, the other will present the solution.  Each person in the group will write a 2000-word paper explaining in prose both the problem and possible solutions.  Your papers must be based on at least two sources that originally appeared in print or websites approved by me prior to your presentation.  This is a project that cannot be accomplished in a few days, so plan ahead.  Complete citations and bibliography are required, as described in Guide to Writing Papers.


SHOW AND TELLPROJECT AND PAPER: This assignment will take the form of a very brief class presentation (perhaps five minutes, including time for questions from the class and me) as well as a short paper.  Choose an object related to childhood—a toy, a children's picture book, some sort of childrearing object, etc.—and show (and tell) how it fits into the history of children and youth in the United States.  It can be something from your own childhood; it can be an artifact that you find on the internet (in which case you'll need to provide images of that artifact and/or the URL of the site on which you found it).  You must provide a real object or a picture of an object.  Answer as many of the following questions as well as you can (but feel free to explore other ideas as well): Who produced the object?  Who was the audience?  What were some of the ideas and values assumed by the makers and users of the object (for instance, gender roles, ethnicity, religious beliefs, patriotism)?  Were there equivalent versions of this object in earlier time periods?  Are there equivalent versions still being used?  Whose interests were or are being met by this object (parents or children, teachers or students, etc.)? 

All presentations must include:

--One object or a picture of an object

--250-word paragraph explaining the object

--At least one source that appeared originally in print (or a website

approved by me prior to making your presentation).