Charlie Chan Meets Uncle Sam Syllabus

Hist 197: Charlie Chan Meets Uncle Sam
Dr. Daniel Meissner
Coughlin Hall 306  (228-3552)

Course Goals:
      To acquire a basic foundation in Sino-American history
      To develop an understanding of the evolution of relations, attitudes and impressions between the peoples of China and the United States
      To challenge preconceptions of "us" and the "other"
      To gain insight into how public opinion is manipulated to affect national policy
      To illuminate the role of attitude and public opinion in historical interpretation
      To familiarize students with primary and secondary historical resources in this field

Hugh Deane.  Light on China:  Good Deeds and Gunboats.  Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1990.
T.Christopher Jespersen.  American Images of China, 1931-1949.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Robert Lee.  Orientals:  Asian Americans in Popular Culture.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1999.
Various handouts and on-line readings

Weekly Reviews:
Students will write critical reviews for each week's readings, summarizing and analyzing the authors' hypothesis, argument and conclusion.  Students are encourage to strengthen these reviews with historical or contemporary examples drawn from additional sources.   

In addition to the weekly analytical reports, students will write a midterm and a final paper.  These assignments require students to produce a research paper based upon primary documents related to a specific theme.  

The selected readings draw upon a variety of primary and secondary sources that provide insight into the formation of American impressions of Chinese.  These readings represent only a fraction of the material available on this subject, and thus are the bare minimal requirements for this course.  Students should supplement these with additional  readings that can be incorporated into the weekly reviews.  In order to adequately prepare for lectures and discussions, the assigned readings for each week must be completed prior to class.

Regular attendance is required and active participation in class discussions is expected.  Absences will adversely affect your grade.

Weekly  Reviews
Midterm Paper
Final Paper

Students are expected to stay current in their readings, complete projects on time, participate in discussions, and abide by Marquette University's academic rules and regulations.

Special Accommodations:
Students who need special accommodations in order to meet any of the requirements of this course should speak to the instructor at the beginning of the semester.

Weekly Class Schedule and Readings

Week 1:  Course Overview
  Course Introduction and Objectives; Historical background; Edward Said's "Orientalism"

Week 2:  No Class

Week 3:  Roots of Cultural Impressions -- Milwaukee Natural Museum Exhibit
  Readings:   John Haddad, "The Romantic Collector in China:  Nathan Dunn's Ten Thousand Chinese Things"
                           Journal of American Culture 21.1 (Spring 1998): 7-27.   [Must log on for off-campus access]
                      Daniel Meissner, "When Li Bo Is Not Li Bo" ASIANetwork Exchange (Spring 2001). (hand out)
                      Robert Lee, "Introduction," Orientals:  Asian Americans in Popular Culture (pp 1-14).
                      T. Christopher Jespersen, "Preface," American Images of China, 1931-1949 (pp xiii-xx).
                      Hugh Deane, "Sweet and Sour," Good Deeds and Gunboats (pp 1-40).

Week 4:  Early Sino-American Encounters:  Mutual Impressions
  Readings:  Prince Gong:  "Memorial to Emperor Xianfeng" (hand out)
                      Knight Biggerstaff.  "The Secret Correspondence of 1867-1868: Views of Leading Chinese
                           Statesmen Regarding the Further Opening of China to Western Influence." The Journal
of Modern History, Vol. 22, No. 2. (Jun., 1950), pp. 122-136.  [Log on for off-campus access]
                      Krystyn R. Moon, excerpt from "Chapter 2:  Toward Exclusion," Yellow Face:  Creating the
                           Chinese in American Popular  Music and Performance, 1850s-1920s
(New Jersey:  Rutgers
University Press, 2005), 30-38.   [Library Reserve: access ARES]
                      Robert Lee, Chapters 1 & 2 (pp 15-50).
Hugh Deane, "Warren Delano and the Early China Trade" (pp 41-48).

Week 5:  Images of China:  From Exclusion to the Turn of the Century
  Readings:  Stuart Creighton Miller, Chapter 7:  "Domestic Adaptations of the Negative Stereotype,
                           1850-1882" The Unwelcome Immigrant (Berkeley: U of California Press, 1975), 145-166.
                           [Library Reserve: access ARES]
Robert McClellan, "Missionary Influence on American Attitudes Toward China at the Turn of
This Century," Church History 38.4 (Dec. 1969): 475-485.  [Log on for off-campus access]
                      Krystyn R. Moon, "Chinese and Chinese Immigrant Performers on the American Stage,"

                           Yellow Face
,  57-85.  [Library Reserve: access ARES]
                      Robert Lee, Chapter 3 (pp 83-105).
                      Mark Twain, Chapter XIII:  "The Gentle, Inoffensive Chinese,"  Vol. 2 Roughing It (1872).
                      Isabella Bird, (excerpt) "Shanghai:  The West and the Slow Moving East"  The Yangtze Valley
and Beyond  (1899).

Week 6:  Roaring Twenties and Depressing Thirties:  China as Progressive or Decadent?
"Shanghai"  Fortune Magazine 11.1 (Jan. 1935): 115-121.
                      Sax Rohmer, "Chapter 16,"
The Yellow Claw (New York: McKinlay, Stone & Mackenzie, 1915).
                      Robert Lee, Chapter 4 (pp 106-144).
T. Christopher Jespersen, "Prologue" (pp 1-10).
                      "Nightlife," All About Shanghai and Environs:  A Standard Guidebook, 1934-35

Week 7:  Roaring Twenties and Depressing Thirties:  China as Progressive or Decadent?
  Readings:   William F. Wu, "Fu Manchu and Charlie Chan," Yellow Peril: Chinese Americans in American
                           Fiction, 1850-1940 (Hamden: Archon Books, 1982), 164-183. [Library Reserve: access ARES]
T. Christopher Jespersen, Chapters 1, 2 and 3 (pp 11-58).
                      Hugh Deane, "When Americans Learned Gung Ho" (pp 126-132).

Week 8:  The War Years:  Valiant Allies
  Readings:   T. Christopher Jespersen, Chapters 4, 5 and 6 (pp 59-125).
                      Hugh Deane, "Guerrillas Rescue a B-29 Bomber Crew" (143-146).
                      Harold Issacs, "The Heroes Risen," and "The Heroes Fallen," Scratches on Our Minds
                           (Armonk:  M.E. Sharpe, 1980), 164-189. 
[Library Reserve: access ARES]
                      A.L. Crouch, China Sketchbook:  A Book of Army Verse (Shanghai:  Stars and Stripes, 1946).

Week 9:  Midterm Exam

Week 10:  Easter Break

Week 11:  Easter Break

Week 12:  Post-War Years: Communists, Korea and Chiang Kai-shek
                      Film: "Crusade in the Pacific: Postwar in the Pacific!"            
 T. Christopher Jespersen, Chapter 7.
                      Hugh Deane, "The U.S. Aids Counterrevolution in China" (170-175); "China and the Ruination of MacArthur"
                          (175-187); "Howard Adams" (204); and "The CIA's ‘Contra' Campaign in Tibet" (204-213).
                      Harold Issacs, "The Ungrateful Wretches," Scratches on Our Minds (Armonk:  M.E. Sharpe, 1980),
[Library Reserve: access ARES]
                      Sister Mary Victoria, "Chapters 1-3," Nun in Red China (NY: McGraw-Hill, 1953) (1-36). 
                          [Library Reserve: access ARES]

Week 13:  The Masses:  Communes and the Cultural Revolution
                      Film: excerpt from "The Red Violin"
  Readings:   T. Christopher Jespersen, Chapter 8.
                      Hugh Deane, "The Long Intervention Continues" (219-227).
                      Robert Lee, Chapter 4.
                      James Ross, "Chapter 7: Shanghai, November 1966," Caught in a Tornado (Boston:
                          Northeastern University Press, 1994) (85-97) [Library Reserve: access ARES]
                      Li Zhensheng,  Red-Color News Soldier (London: Phaidon Press, 2003).  [hand out: various images]

Week 14:  The Dragon Rising:  Capitalism, but Democracy Denied
  Readings:   T. Christopher Jespersen, Chapter 9.
                      Robert Lee, Chapter 6.
                      David Chan, "The China Syndrome," in Jonathan Goldstein, et. al., America Views China
                          (Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press, 1991) (183-93).  [Library Reserve: access ARES]

Week 15:  Yao Ming, Kung Fu and Tattoos: China in the U.S.
                      Films: excerpts from "Mulan" and "Drunken Master"
  Readings:   Robert Lee, Chapter 7.
                      "Chinese Tattoos" at ModelMinority: A Guide to Asian American Empowerment
                      Ronald Takaki, "One-Tenth of the Nation," Strangers from a Different Shore, 492-510.
                      Matthew Hirshbergm "Consistency and Change in American Perceptions of China," Political
15.3 (Sept. 1993):  247-263.  [Log on for off-campus access]

Week 16:  Future Implications: Beyond the Olympics
                      Films: "Simpsons in China" and "Jiangyin: Investing in the Future"
                      Reflection on contemporary images and cultural influences

Week 17:  Final Papers Due