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English Verse Satire, 1660-1750

English 6300, Spring 2011

Dr. Stephen Karian






Individual Satirists:

††††††††††† John Dryden

††††††††††† John Wilmot, the Earl of Rochester

††††††††††† Jonathan Swift

††††††††††† Alexander Pope

††††††††††† Samuel Johnson






Kernan, Alvin B. "Satire." Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Ed. Philip P. Wiener. New York: Scribnerís, 1973-74.

Bloom, Edward A. "Satire." The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Ed. Alex Preminger and T. V. F. Brogan. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.





Lynch, Jack. Annotated Bibliography on Augustan Satire.

Connery, Brian. Theorizing Satire: A Bibliography. (very thorough up through the 1990s; not annotated, unfortunately)





Olson, Elder. "Rhetoric and the Appreciation of Pope." Modern Philology 37 (1939-40): 13-35. [VPN needed off-campus]

Harth, Phillip. "The New Criticism and Eighteenth-Century Poetry." Critical Inquiry 7 (1981): 521-37. [VPN needed off-campus]

Randolph, Mary Claire. "The Structural Design of the Formal Verse Satire." Philological Quarterly 21 (1942): 368-84.

Goldgar, Bertrand A. "Satires on Man and 'The Dignity of Human Nature.'" PMLA 80 (1965): 535-41. [VPN needed off-campus]

Kropf, C. R. "Libel and Satire in the Eighteenth Century." Eighteenth-Century Studies 8 (1974): 153-68. [VPN needed off-campus]

Gubar, Susan. "The Female Monster in Augustan Satire." Signs 3 (1977): 380-94. [VPN needed off-campus]

Pollak, Ellen. "Comment on Susan Gubar's 'The Female Monster in Augustan Satire.'" Signs 3 (1978): 728-32. [VPN needed off-campus]


Hume, Robert D. "'Satire' in the Reign of Charles II." Modern Philology 102 (2005): 332-71. [VPN needed off-campus]

Crane, R. S. "Suggestions Toward a Genealogy of the 'Man of Feeling.'" ELH 1 (1934): 205-30. [VPN needed off-campus]

Greene, Donald. "Latitudinarianism and Sensibility: The Genealogy of the 'Man of Feeling' Reconsidered." Modern Philology 75 (1977): 159-83. [VPN needed off-campus]



Individual Satirists


John Dryden (1631-1700)


Reynolds, Matthew. "Most Himself." Review of The Poems of John Dryden: Vol. V 1697-1700, ed. Paul Hammond and David Hopkins. The London Review of Books, 19 July 2007. A useful introductory essay on Dryden.

Hammond, Paul. "John Dryden." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.



Mac Flecknoe, or a Satyr upon the True-Blew-Protestant Poet, T.S. (1682) (Wing D2303)

Text in Miscellany Poems (1684) (Wing D2314)

Thomas Shadwell, dedication to The Virtuoso (1676) (Wing S2883), an early phase in the Dryden-Shadwell rivalry

Thomas Shadwell, The Tenth Satyr of Juvenal (1678) (Wing J1292A), a response to Dryden's poem


"Absalom and Achitophel" (1681) (Wing D2212)



John Wilmot, the Earl of Rochester (1647-80)


Ellis, Frank H. "John Wilmot, second Earl of Rochester." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.


The Poems of John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, ed. Keith Walker (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1984) (accessible via LION)


"The Imperfect Enjoyment"

Poems in the same vein as Rochesterís poem of that name:

Ovid, Amores, Book III, Elegy 7

George Etherege, "The Imperfect Enjoyment," in A Collection of Poems Written upon several Occasions by several Persons (1673), pp. 61-64 (Wing C5175)

"The Lost Opportunity Recovered," in Wit and Drollery. Jovial Poems (1682), pp. 1-16 (Wing W3133)

Aphra Behn, "The Disappointment," in Poems upon Several Occasions (1684), pp. 70-77 (Wing B1757)

John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, "The Enjoyment," in Poems on Several Occasions (1696), pp. 93-100 (Wing B5318)



Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)


Probyn, Clive. "Jonathan Swift." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.


"The Lady's Dressing Room" (1730) (Foxon S869; ESTC t037480)


"The Gentleman's Study in Answer to the Lady's Dressing Room" (1732) (Foxon G123; ESTC t125023)

Samuel Shepherd, "Chloe Surpriz'd; or, the Second Part of the Lady's Dressing Room" (1732) (Foxon S399; ESTC t143272)

"A Modest Defence of Ö the Lady's Dressing Room" (1732) (ESTC n035099)

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, "The Deanís Provocation for Writing the Lady's Dressing Room" (1734) (Foxon M416.5; ESTC t102901)



"Epistle to a Lady" (1733) (Foxon S841; ESTC t032833)

Fischer, John Irwin. "The Government's Response to Swift's An Epistle to a Lady." Philological Quarterly 65 (1986): 39-59.


"On Poetry: A Rapsody" (1733) (Foxon S888; ESTC t043228)


"Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift" (1739) (Foxon S926; ESTC t050706)



Alexander Pope (1688-1744)


Erskine-Hill, Howard. "Alexander Pope." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.


"The Rape of the Lock"

Two canto version in Miscellaneous Poems and Translations (1712) (ESTC t005777)

The Rape of the Lock (1714) (Foxon P941; ESTC t005726)

Illustrations to the poem, including the original ones by Guernier and Du Bosc, as well as later ones by Fuseli, Beardsley, and others.

Giles Jacob, The Rape of the Smock (2nd ed., 1727) (Foxon J24; ESTC t071504)



"An Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot" (1734) (Foxon P802; ESTC t005567)

Two poems that prompted Pope's Epistle:

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and John Hervey, Lord Hervey (?), "Verses address'd to the Imitator of the First Satire of the Second Book of Horace" (1733) (Foxon V39; ESTC t050689)

John Hervey, Lord Hervey, "An Epistle from a Nobleman to a Doctor of Divinity" (1733) (Foxon H157; ESTC t032805)



"The Dunciad" (1728, 1729, 1742, 1743)

The Dunciad. An Heroic Poem. In Three Books (1728) (Foxon P764; ESTC t005537)

The Dunciad Variorum (1729) (Foxon P771; ESTC t005544)

The New Dunciad (1742) (Foxon P787; ESTC t005554)

The Dunciad in Four Books (1743) (Foxon P799; ESTC t005562) (not the earliest edition)



Samuel Johnson (1709-84)


Rogers, Pat. "Samuel Johnson." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Lynch, Jack. "A Bibliography of Johnsonian Studies, 1986Ė."


The Complete English Poems, ed. J. D. Fleeman (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971) (accessible via LION)


"The Vanity of Human Wishes" (1749) (Foxon J87; ESTC t054333)





Germano, William. "The Scholarly Lecture: How to Stand and Deliver." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 28 November 2003.


Last Modified: January 15, 2011