Chapter 19 Outline: 18th Century Economic Change and Global Expansion
Western Civ

18th C. European Growth

Agricultural Revolution
     Open Field System   Enclosure
             Non-Productive Fallow Fields
             Compatible Crops
                   More Cattle = More Fertilizer for Crops = Improved Diet
     Technology Advances (drills & plows)
           Netherlands & England (early 18th C)
                Peasant Opposition
                Rise of Tenant Farming

18th C. Population Explosion
     Decline in Disease
     Improvement in Agriculture, Transportation, Commerce

Cottage Industry
     Putting-Out System
          Textiles & Protoindustrialization
          Mercantilism and Colonialism
               Navigation Acts (1651-63)
          Adam Smith & Economic Liberalism
               "Invisible Hand" Free Trade