Magnetic Field Due to a Current
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Phys 4, Section 2                                                         Feb 22, 2002



Magnetic Field of a Current Element


Amount of charge dQ in a small element dL of a wire with cross-section A carrying a current I is given by dQ = nqA dL where n is the free charge density. Putting this into the standard equation for the magnetic field of a moving charge gives

For a very long wire carrying a current I, the field at a distance r from the wire is given by

Force between Parallel Conductors

If the wires are each carrying currents I1 and I2, then setting up the B-field from one wire and calculating the force that B-field exerts on the current in the second wire gives





Last modified on February 27, 2002